What is the web?
Sometimes we can confuse the web with the internet. But who can blame us? They are doing very similar jobs and often used interchangeably. The internet is the complex network of the networks whereas the web is an infrastructure of the internet. The web is the information system where we are enabled to share information and other documents over the internet.
How did it start?
Before the internet and web, there were computers and they were big and did not know how to communicate. Now the internet connects participants the web connects information. Specifically, hypertext is accessed via the internet.
Hypertext is a term used for a document that is not constrained to be text: it can include graphics, video, and sound, for example. Ted Nelson was the first to use this term.
In 1989 by scientist Sir Tim Berners-Lee the World Wide Web was invented. He also wrote the first web browser and first web page and the first web server. He was working at CERN near Geneva, Switzerland. The first-ever webpage still on.
The first webpage http://info.cern.ch/
The World Wide Web has been central to the development of the Information Age, and is the primary tool billions of people use to interact on the Internet.
How does it work?
It works with 3 main technology. (HTML, URL and HTTP) We access the web with interfaces named browsers. When we enter any website any social media, we are requesting to specific URL (Unified Resource Locator). URLs are the unique address of the web pages which sit on the webserver. The web servers are software technology based on computers serving as servers. The document was transferred via HTTP protocol. Request made to the web server and if the entered URL is correct it gives a response which is a set of construction and other resources. The browser gets those instructions and converts it the way humans can understand.
Thanks for reading. Every comments/corrections/questions are welcomed.